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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購履約爭議處理案例彙編(2003)。
    2. 行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購爭議處理事件案源及問題類型分析(2004)。
    3. 安信商務法律事務所,行政院公共工程委員會「各機關辦理公共工程常見司法爭議類型化之研究」(2002)。
    4. 理律法律事務所,行政院公共工程委員會「政府採購爭議處理事件案源及問題類型分析」成果報告(2003)。
    5. 余文恭,從工程契約動態發展論工程契約之變更—兼論FIDIC 紅皮書之相關規定〉,法令月刊,第55 卷第12 期(2004)。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 周天昇(2010)。國內外工程契約範本有關工期展延之比較研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-190。
    2. 蔡育英(2012)。工程契約中承包商之瑕疵擔保責任相關問題之研究。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2012。1-148。
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