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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 236 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁伯強 (2004)。學校知識管理運用與學校效能關係之研究-以桃園縣國民小
  2. 尤曉鈺 (2001)。國民小學知識管理現況調查研究:以臺北市和嘉義縣市為
  3. 方德隆 (1986)。國民中學組織結構與組織效能關係之研究。國立臺灣師範大
  4. 王建智 (2003)。國民小學教師知識管理與教學效能關係之硏究。國立臺中師
  5. 白麗美 (1997)。國民小學校長領導風格與教師工作動機關係之研究。臺北市
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佳宏(2010)。台北市國民中學代理教師人力資源管理與學校效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-189。 
  2. 陳巧芬(2011)。校長轉型領導、互易領導與學校效能關係之後設分析。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-160。 
  3. 林盈男(2011)。國民小學校長領導風格、教師溝通滿足與學校效能關係之研究-以臺南市為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-168。 
  4. 沈秀春(2011)。私立技專校院董事會運作功能、學校組織文化與學校效能關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-226。
  5. 楊明原(2017)。國民中學校長火線領導與學校效能關係之研究─以資訊文化為中介。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-257。
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