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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 319 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3 Brian Tierney, Sidney Painter著,Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 300-1475, 5th ed.,袁宗偉譯,《西洋中古史(上) 》,初版三刷,美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司,2002年8月。
    2. 43 陳志龍,《檢察官之偵查與檢察制度》,法務部編印,1998年3月。
    3. 52 廖與人,《中華民國現行司法制度(上冊)》,黎明文化事業股份有限公司,1982年。
    4. 22 林鈺雄,〈評檢改會檢察一體陽光草案〉,收錄於《檢察官論》一書,學林文化事業有限公司,1999年,第254頁以下。
    5. 27 林鈺雄,〈檢察官在訴訟法上之任務與義務〉,收錄於《檢察官論》一書,學林文化事業有限公司,1999年。
    Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鍾若琪(2010)。律師保密義務與真實義務之衝突。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-229。 
    2. 郭吉助(2012)。檢察官客觀性義務之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-409。 
    3. 許耀云(2011)。公開發行公司經濟犯罪之跨部門監控。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-224。 
    4. 李筱嬋(2010)。觀光賭場監管政策之研究─以美國、澳門、新加坡為中心。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-204。 
    5. 徐文彬(2009)。法官終身職與退休制度之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2009。1-258。 
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