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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 人本教育文教基金會編輯部(2007)。台灣反體罰運動里程碑。人本教育札記,211,8-11。
    2. 人本教育文教基金會編輯部(2004)。近七成中小學生在校遭體罰─將推動台灣成為第三十六個立法禁止體罰國家。人本教育札記,179,38-39。
    3. 王麗雲、潘慧玲(2000)。教師彰權益能的概念與實施策略。教育研究集刊,44,173-199。
    4. 民間司法改革基金會(2008)。老師,你也可以這樣做:校園法律實務與理念(三版)。台北市:五南。
    5. 李建良(2007b)。老師應多體諒、勿體罰─零體罰條款之規範意旨。人本教育札記,214,98-102。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 杜藹純(2010)。組織創新的診斷模式與分析:以工業產品設計公司為例。中興大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-126。 
    2. 李謹如(2013)。國小教師之情緒勞務:正向管教政策之衝擊。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-223。
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