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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 甘逸驊,「北愛爾蘭和平進程:政府間因素與國際勢力的介入」,問題與研究,第43卷,第2期(2004年3、4月),頁1~30。
    2. 杜依庭,「全球化下愛爾蘭經濟發展過程之研究」,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文(2008年)。
    3. 林健次,「愛爾蘭成長模式」,施正鋒、謝若蘭主編,當代愛爾蘭民主政治(台北:台灣國際研究學會,2009年)頁135~160。
    4. 張學謙,「國家能否挽救弱勢語言?以愛爾蘭語言復振為例」,施正鋒、謝若蘭主編,當代愛爾蘭民主政治(台北:台灣國際研究學會,2009年),頁161~192。
    5. 張勝柏,「論十九世紀愛爾蘭經濟發展的困境」,中國醫藥大學通識教育學報,第10期 (2006年12月),頁175~194。
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