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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁興祥、張慈宜、賴誠斌譯(2002)。《生命史與心理傳記學–理論與方法的探究》。台北:遠流。(原書Runyan, W. M. [1982]. Life histories and psychobiography: Explorations in theory and method. New York: Oxford University Press.)
    2. 何彩燕(2004)。《社會工作師職涯轉換之研究-以縣市政府具轉任資格之社工師為例》,國立暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系碩士論文。
    3. 邱德亮(2001)。〈導讀:維希留加速2000年〉。楊凱麟譯,《消失的美學》,頁1-55。台北:麥田。(原書Virilio, P. [1995]. Esthétique de la disparition. France: Galilée.)
    4. 華婉伶(2010)。《液態新聞:新一代記者與當前媒介境況¬─以Zygmunt Bauman「液態現代性」概念為理論基礎》,國立政治大學新聞學系碩士論文。
    5. 劉蕙苓(2009)。《探索廣告主導向新聞:置入性行銷對電視新聞常規與記者專業性的影響》,國立政治大學新聞學系博士論文。
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