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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 269 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一顧(2010)。認知教練對國民小學實習教師教學省思影響之研究。課程與教學,13(2),127-153。
  2. 王博弘、林清達(2006)。台灣近二十年來校長領導實徵研究與學校效能關係之探討。花蓮教育大學學報(教育類),22,283-306。
  3. 何明恕(2003)。師徒功能認知對大學研究生學習成效影響之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  4. 吳明隆、王文霖(2004)。高級中學全面品質管理與學校效能關係之研究。學校行政雙月刊,32,11-23。
  5. 吳明隆、紀有田(2004)。學校行政人員工作壓力與學校效能關係之研究。學校行政雙月刊,29,170-181。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何仁馨(2014)。新北市公立幼兒園主任正向領導與學校效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-171。 
  2. 楊明原(2017)。國民中學校長火線領導與學校效能關係之研究─以資訊文化為中介。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-257。 
  3. 黃安妮(2012)。幼稚園園長服務領導與學校效能關係之研究—以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-222。 
  4. 邱文玉(2012)。建置臺灣體育最高主管機關績效評估架構-應用多準則評估法。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2012。1-221。 
  5. 鄭聿芳(2011)。臺北市國民中學人力資源管理與學校創新經營效能關係之研究。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2011。1-173。
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