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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 372 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 15.林明鏘,五、行政契約與私法契約-以全民健保契約關係為例,行政契約與新行政法,台灣行政法學會,2004年01月。
    2. 17.林紀東,中華民國憲法逐條釋義(第一冊),三民,1975年再版。
    3. 18.林紀東,中華民國憲法釋論,大中國圖書公司,1984年四十五版。
    4. 31.許宗力,行政命令授權明確性原則之研究,法與國家權力,元照出版公司,2006年8月。
    5. 6.李冬蜂,論病例計酬實施前後冠狀動脈繞道手術醫療品質之探討,國立陽明大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文,2002年6月。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃銘良(2014)。台灣二代健保精進策略之探討。義守大學財務金融學系學位論文。2014。1-66。 
    2. 許樞龍(2011)。策略行銷分析眼科自費醫療市場—以A公司個案為例。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-74。
    3. 葉照珍(2016)。醫療自費趨勢與經營探討之研究。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-80。
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