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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 213 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 9. 陳曉萍、徐淑英、樊景立、鄭伯壎(2008),《組織與管理研究的實證方法》,台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
    2. 1. Ahituv, N., Zif, J., and Machlin, I. (1998), “Environmental scanning and information systems in relation to success in introducing new products,” Information and Management, 33(4), pp. 201-211.
    3. 2. Alter, S., (2004), “A work system view of DSS in its fourth decade,” Decision Support Systems, 38(3), pp. 319-327.
    4. 3. Anderson, J., and Gerbing, D. (1988), “Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach,” Psychological bulletin, 103(3), pp. 411-423.
    5. 4. Badr, A., (2003), The role of competitive intelligence in formulating marketing strategy, PhD thesis, Leicester Business School, De Montfort University, Leicester.
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 尹其言(2015)。質子放射治療設備系統經營策略之個案研究。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-82。 
    2. 謝廷威(2012)。以正規概念分析為基礎之競爭智慧系統。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-82。
    3. 戴元峰(2014)。國際科技政策觀測與政府組織創新擴散歷程研究。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2014。1-209。
    4. 古宇琮(2015)。高階經理人對組織變革的決策過程 -以A公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-75。
    5. 許晉杰(2015)。不動產業的加盟與自創品牌型態經營成功關鍵因素之比較研究。朝陽科技大學企業管理系台灣產業策略發展博士班學位論文。2015。1-199。
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