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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何宗揚(2006)。以「政策學習」理論探討「臺北市垃圾費隨袋徵收政策」。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南。
  2. 李仲彬(2009)。政策趨同?全球「電子化政府」與「電子民主參與」的發展分析。國立政治大學公共行政學系博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 李仲彬(2010)。影響全球電子治理發展的因素:以政策擴散理論為基礎的分析。公共行政學報,第36期,頁39-89。
  4. 林水波(2004)。制度移植策略性評估:以公投法為例。國家政策季刊,第3卷第1期,頁51-80。
  5. 林水波、李長晏(2003)。標竿學習與地方治理能力。中國地方自治,第56卷第5期,頁4-32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴中盈(2014)。單一窗口服務對組織內部顧客的影響─以臺北市1999市民熱線派工系統為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2014。1-91。 
  2. 龔昕穎(2016)。政府創新採納與拒絕之決策因素─以幸福保衛站為焦點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-183。
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