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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 王志誠,沖洗買賣之認定基準,法令月刊第59卷3期 2008年3月。
  2. 5. 王育慧,最高法院九十一年度臺上字第三○三七號判決及臺灣高等法院八十八年度上重訴字第三九號判決之評釋(東隆五金案)-以連續交易操縱行為與內線交易為範圍 ,臺北大學法學論叢 第 61 期,2007年3月。
  3. 7. 王銘勇,違約交割刑事責任之研究-評最高法院七十八年台上字第三一七九號判決,司法周刊 第751期,1995年11月。
  4. 9. 江朝聖,違約交割之刑事責任-檢討最高法院八十二年台非字第一七四號判決,月旦法學雜誌第23期,1997年4月。
  5. 12. 吳元曜,論沖洗買賣條款之立法型式及適用基準,法令月刊,第55卷1期,2004年1月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何秉桓(2018)。內線交易團體訴訟之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2018。1-144。 
  2. 陳倩芸(2014)。登錄興櫃公司適用證券交易法之爭議問題。中正大學財經法律學系學位論文。2014。1-138。
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