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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余民寧、許嘉家、陳柏霖(2010)。中小學教師工作時數與憂鬱的關係:主觀幸福感的觀點。教育心理學報,42(2),229-252。
  2. 余民寧、謝進昌、林士郁、陳柏霖、曾筱婕(2011)。「教師主觀幸福感模式建構與驗證之研究」。測驗學刊,58(1),55-85。
  3. 吳欣蓓、陸洛、顧家祈、張妤玥(2010)。轉換型領導行為、部屬工作壓力及主管滿意度的關聯--人格特質為調節變項。中華管理學報,11(2),1-30。
  4. 李承傑、趙曼妏(2010)。幼教老師教學制控信念與專業成長對工作滿意度影響之結構方程模式檢定:以臺東縣為例。慈濟大學教育研究學刊,6,31-50。
  5. 李美蘭(2006)。國小資深女性教師幸福感之質性研究(碩士論文)。取自臺灣博碩士論文系統。(系統編號095NTNU5328024)
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴邦媛(2014)。桃園縣國中兼任行政教師之工作壓力及幸福感關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-147。 
  2. 葉文山(2014)。國民小學特殊教育教師情緒管理、合作教學與幸福感關係之研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-276。 
  3. 黃美華(2013)。國小教師工作投入、工作壓力與幸福感關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-231。 
  4. 林子綺(2013)。兒童文教機構從業人員心理資本、工作滿意與工作表現之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-103。 
  5. 梁秀美(2012)。幼兒園教師幸福感與教學效能之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-109。 
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