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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 200 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丘忠融、李紋鋒譯(2008)。《網路社會與日常生活》。台北:韋伯。(原書:Bakardjieva, M. [2005]. Internet society: The Internet in everyday life. Sage.)
    2. 呂紹理(2005)。《展示台灣:權力、空間與殖民統治的形象表述》,台北:麥田。
    3. 李明哲(2006)。〈從女性影像探討個人電腦的居家化-以《PC home》雜誌廣告為分析對象〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,(57)。
    4. 李金銓(1987)。《傳播帝國主義》。台北:久大。
    5. 林元輝(2005)。〈從史學法度論臺灣電視史之撰寫——以「臺灣電視四十年回顧與前瞻」研討會六篇主題論文為例〉。《新聞學研究》,84:205-237。
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