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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 225 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李清榮(2004)。高雄市國小教師領導類型、班級氣氛與學習態度之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學,高雄市。
  2. 林俊瑩(2010)。工作滿意度、組織承諾與離職意圖:中小學教師與其他職業之比較。教育實踐與研究,第23卷第1期,1-30。
  3. 林逸涵(2008)。國中教師個人背景、工作生活品質與離職意願關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北大學,新北市。
  4. 林毓婷(2002)。臺北縣國民小學行政辦公室工作環境與行政人員互動行為關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北師範學院,臺北市。
  5. 邱佳椿(2004)。高職電機電子群學生學習態度與學業成就之路徑模式研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑絹(2010)。我國高級中等學校軍訓教官終身學習參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
  2. 賴秋惠(2005)。圖書館員參與專業繼續教育之動機與學習障礙研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-136。
  3. 宋廣英(2008)。大專生工讀參與動機及工作表現對就業力影響之研究-以暑期社區產業工讀為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-156。
  4. 張惠媜(2011)。在職進修動機、生活滿意度與工作滿意度之關聯性 —以中原大學碩專班女性學生為例—。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2011。1-80。
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