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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王瑞賢譯(2009)。《童年與社會:兒童社會學導論》,台北:心理出版社。(原書 Wyness, M. [2006]. Childhood and society: An introduction to the sociology of childhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan )
    2. 呂翠夏譯(2002)。《兒童的社會發展:策略與活動》,台北:桂冠。(原書Smith, C. A. [2001]. Promoting the social development of young children: Strategies and activities. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield.)
    3. 沈孟燕(2009)。《親情Online:網路媒介與家庭溝通型態之相關研究》。政治大學新聞學研究所碩士論文。
    4. 李黃寶(2009)。《國小高年級學童線上遊戲玩家行為與人際關係、自我概念關係之研究:以臺北市為例》。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班碩士論文。
    5. 林宇玲(2008)。《兒童與網路:從批判角度探討偏遠地區兒童網路使用》。台北:威秀資訊科技。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張韻姿(2010)。網路新聞之帕列托法則分析 – 以交大喀報為例。交通大學傳播研究所學位論文。2010。1-106。 
    2. 姚政宏(2000)。數位壓縮音樂檔的使用與滿足--以MP3為例。元智大學資訊工程學系學位論文。2000。1-128。
    3. 陳慶鴻(2002)。廣告呈現方式對廣告效果之影響─以電子報廣告為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-125。
    4. 韓双福(2003)。應用協同過濾機制於 商機撮合電子報之研究 –以食品業電子市集為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-113。
    5. 黃于珉(2010)。教育部電子報政策行銷功能性之研究-以「2009年有品運動」政策為例。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2010。1-185。
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