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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. Prof. Dr. Christian Starck著、蔡宗珍譯,歐盟時代的一般國家學,臺大法學論叢第37卷第2期,2008年6月。
    2. 5. 王文宇,公共事業管制與競爭理念之變革—以電信與電業法制為例,台大法學論叢,第29卷第4期,2000年7月。
    3. 14. 吳庚,福斯朵夫的國家思想,台大法學論叢13卷2期,1984年6月。
    4. 31. 陳淳文,公民、消費者、國家與市場,人文及社會科學集刊第2期,1989年。
    5. 32. 陳淳文,論行政契約法上之單方變更權──以德、法法制之比較為中心,臺大法學論叢第34卷第2期,2005年3月。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃啟翔(2015)。民間參與公共建設適用國家賠償法之研究-以國家賠償法第三條為探討核心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-131。 
    2. 游仕成(2017)。政府選商程序之法律分析-以政府採購及促參程序為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-129。 
    3. 陳品榕(2013)。論公私協力履行社會福利任務─兼論國家擔保責任之理論與實踐。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-210。 
    4. 闕銘富(2011)。行政訴訟權保障之現代意義-以2004年日本行政事件訴訟法修正為中心-。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-280。
    5. 游璧瑜(2011)。論公私協力行為之國家擔保責任-以促參法為中心。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-193。
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