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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李世德(2009)。政府資訊公開法施行之成效、檢討與展望。研考雙月刊,第33卷第5期,頁88-93。
  2. 李武育、易文生(2007)。政府機關施政績效評估之現況與展望。研考雙月刊,第31卷第2期,頁3-12。
  3. 吳慧勤(2008)。政府機關資訊公開電子化執行現況之研究-以臺北縣政府為例。國立政治大學公共行政學碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 陳宜和(2006)。我國實施行政資訊公開之成效評估研究。研考雙月刊,第30卷第3期,頁86-98。
  5. 蕭乃沂、羅晉(2010)。電子化政府的價值鏈評估觀點:以數位台灣e化政府計畫為例。公共行政學報,第36期,頁1-37。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃楷元(2006)。電子布告欄中的政治意見呈現——以台大批踢踢實業坊政治類看板為例。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2006。1-142。
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