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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Butler, David E. and Ranney, Austin. 1994. eds. Referendum around the World: The Growing Use of Direct Democracy. Washington.D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.
  2. 曲兆祥,2004,《公民投票理論與台灣的實踐》,台北市:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 李惠宗,2006,《憲法要義》,台北市:元照出版有限公司。
  4. 徐永明,2007,〈公投民主與代議民主的關係:以台灣經驗為例〉,收錄於林佳龍主編(一)《民主到底-公投民主在台灣》,台北市:財團法人台灣智庫,頁51-70。
  5. 陳英鈐,2007,〈我國公民投票法的制度分析〉,收錄於林佳龍主編(一)《民主到底-公投民主在台灣》,台北市:財團法人台灣智庫,頁127-143。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳冠逸(2014)。論公民投票中介組織之建制及人民不服其審查決定之救濟途徑。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-145。
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