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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石偉揚(2009)。圖書出版社網路行銷策略與顧客購買意願相關之研究。未出版 之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學圖文傳播研究所,臺北市。
  2. 朱浤源(1999)。撰寫博碩士論文實戰手冊。臺北市:正中,頁 93-120。 何俊隆(2010)。運用網路社群進行口碑傳播接受度之研究-以 Facebook 使用者為 例。未出版之碩士論文,淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學研究所,臺北
  3. 市。 吳富傑(2009)。企業利用 FACEBOOK 平台經營粉絲專頁社群之研究。未出版之
  4. 李海瀛(2010)。微型網誌創新服務之探討。未出版之碩士論文,國立交通大學高 階主管管理碩士學程,新竹市。
  5. 李堃瑛(2011)。我國圖書館 Facebook 經營現況分析及使用者接受度之研究。 碩士學位論文, 國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所, 臺北市。
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