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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳蓉(2002)。《隔代教養兒童與非隔代教養兒童學校生活適應之比較研究》。花蓮師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 呂玉瑕、伊慶春(2005)。〈社會變遷中的夫妻資源與家務分工: 台灣70年代與90年代社會文化脈絡的比較〉,《台灣社會學》。第十期,頁 41-94。
  3. 李健輝(2008)。《隔代教養家庭祖父母復原力之探究》。濟南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所碩士論文。
  4. 李雁萍(2005)。《隔代教養家庭少年生活適應之相關研究》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
  5. 洪筱涵(2008)。《隔代教養祖父母照顧經驗之初探: 完整「生命裡的不完整」》。政治大學社會行政與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
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