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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉民,1994,社會科學研究方法原理,台北,洪葉出版社。
  2. 尤美女、施繼明、潘正芬、劉志鵬合譯,1989,美、德、日、瑞典有關男女工作平等之相關法條譯述,台北,婦女新知基金會出版部。
  3. 尤美女,2002,讓兩性工作平等法之良善美意真正落實,律師雜誌,217期,頁2-3。
  4. 李美華等譯,1998,社會科學研究方法,時英出版社。
  5. 呂玉瑕,1983,社會變遷中台灣婦女之事業觀,婦女角色意識與就業態度之探討,民族學研究所集刊,50期,頁25-66。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯敬德(2011)。性別主流化之人力資源永續發展:以關務人員為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-161。
  2. 侯佳伶(2011)。我國非政府組織參與國際賑災對第二軌道外交之影響。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2011。1-282。
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