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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱蘭慧,2002,《男性性別角色刻板印象形成與鬆動之研究》,國立臺灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 李美枝,1985,《社會變遷中婦女角色及性格的改變》,婦女在國家發展過程中的角色研討會論文集下冊,國立台灣大學人口研究中心。
    3. 李玉惠,1998,《國民小學女性校長工作壓力與社會支持需求之研究》,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
    4. 何英奇,1981,<大學生性別角色與自我概念的關係>,國立台灣師範大學教育心理學報,第14期。
    5. 林靜宜,2001,《國小女性教師的生涯阻礙及其因應方式之研究》,臺中師範學院國民教育研究所。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊美芳(2009)。影響女性警察人員工作表現因素之研究-以第一屆女警楷模為例。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-121。 
    2. 張雅雯(2008)。女性警察人員性別意識及其適任勤務之研究─以內政部警政署保安警察第二總隊為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2008。1-151。
    3. 謝玉敏(2011)。桃園縣消防人員勤務分配之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-162。
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