Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.
Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 法務部(1995),《法務部新加坡考察報告》,台北:法務部。
    2. 施能傑(2004),〈公共服務倫理的理論架構與規範作法〉,《政治科學論叢》第20期,頁103-140。
    3. 陳敦源、蔡秀涓(2006),〈國家發展的倫理基礎:反貪腐與公職人員倫理準則〉,《台灣民主季刊》,第3卷第3期,頁185-200。
    4. 湯德宗(2003),《行政程序法論》,元照。
    5. 廖義男主編(2007),《行政罰法》,台北:元照。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 潘錦煌(2015)。我國公務人員利益衝突及迴避法制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2015。1-124。
    2. 莊乃慧(2017)。我國公職人員利益衝突迴避法對地方廉能治理之影響。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-256。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
    E-mail :
    When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
    E-mail :