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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 7. 實業部檔案(中央研究院近代史研究所藏)
    2. 3. 中央研究院近代史研究所口述歷史編輯委員會編,《口述歷史4》,台北:中央硏究院近代史硏究所,1993。
    3. 5. 中國交通建設學會編輯委員會編,《三年來之交通事業槪況》,台北:中國交通建設學會編輯委員會,1953。
    4. 46. 黃千秀、林德福、褚侯森、李家寧等,《舊東線鐵道基地遺址調查研究計畫成果報告書》,台北:財團法人台灣大學建築與城鄉研究發展基金會,2005.12。
    5. 55. 蔡龍保,《推動時代的巨輪:日治中期的台灣國有鐵路1910~1936》,台北:台灣古籍,2004。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳曉昇(2013)。戰後台灣鐵路管理局員工訓練所所內其使用語言之分析 -經由「本局員工訓練所移交資料」之轉寫研究-。淡江大學日本語文學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-347。 
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