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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 732 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 台灣省政府農林廳編,《台灣農業年報》,南投市:台灣省政府農林廳,1961年12月。
    2. 台灣銀行經濟研究室,《台灣之樟腦》,台北市:台灣銀行,1952年。
    3. George Kerr著,陳榮成譯,《被出賣的台灣》,台北市:前衛出版社,1991年。
    4. 王泰升,《台灣法律史的建立》,台北市:王泰升,1997年。
    5. 台灣罐頭年鑑編纂委員會編,《台灣罐頭年鑑》,台北市:台灣區罐頭食品工業同業公會,1980年。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 柳文惠(2013)。戰後台灣自行車產業發展的政治經濟分析,1950-2013。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-130。 
    2. 阿部賢介(2009)。關鍵的七十一天 -二次大戰結束前後的台灣社會與台灣人之動向。政治大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2009。1-139。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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