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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 214 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 石渡達夫,〈築港完成後に於ける花蓮港廳產業の躍進〉,收於臺灣經濟研究會編,《臺灣經濟叢書(8)》(臺北:臺灣經濟研究會,1940)。
    2. 吳奇浩,〈清代臺灣之奢靡風氣〉,《臺灣史研究》12:2(2005年12月)。
    3. 宋肅懿,〈唐代長安居民的都市生活與時尚〉,《明新學報》34:1(2008年2月)。
    4. 林玉茹,〈國家與企業同構下的殖民地邊區開發:戰時「臺拓」在東臺灣的農林栽培業〉,《臺灣史研究》10:1(2003年6月)。
    5. 林滿紅,〈貿易與清末臺灣的經濟社會變遷(1860-1895)〉,收於曹永和、黃富三主編,《臺灣史論叢》(臺北:眾文圖書,1980)。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉俐君(2012)。政治與食品-現代國家治理下的臺灣糕餅業(1895-1980)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-196。
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