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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 341 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王業立,2001,比較選舉制度。台北:五南。
  2. 朱雲漢,2000,《九0年代民主轉型期經濟政策制訂的效率與公平性》,收錄於朱雲漢、包宗和主編,民主轉型與經濟衝突:九0年代台灣經濟發展的困境與挑戰。台北:桂冠,頁1-26。
  3. 吳玉山,2002,《政治與知識的互動:台灣的政治學在九0年代的發展》,收錄於朱雲漢、王紹光、趙全勝主編,華人社會政治學本土化研究的理論與實踐。台北:桂冠,頁153-207。
  4. 胡佛等人,1989,選民的投票行為:民國七十五年增額立法委員選舉的分析。台北:中央選舉委員會。
  5. 陳世敏,1991,候選人形象與選民投票行為,於雷飛龍等,台灣地區選民的投票行為—一個理論模式的探討,國科會研究計畫,NSC79-0301-H0004-12,頁39-62。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林智堅(2017)。三人競選之中槓桿者的政治社會基礎及其影響 以2014新竹市長選舉為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-95。 
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