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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 298 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅(1994)•照顧者角色對婦女衝擊:護理意涵•護理研究,7(2),18-23。
  2. 王秀香、鍾聿琳、李英慧、趙之婷、李淑華、丁美雲(2004)•預防更年期婦女骨質鬆鬆症之另類療法•護理雜誌,51(5),84-86。
  3. 王思堯、Elizabeth, D.(2007)•家庭成員安置年邁家屬入住長期照護機構的適應•護理雜誌,54(3),82-91。
  4. 王恩惠(2006)•已婚職業婦女工作家庭衝突與婚姻滿意度之相關研究•台灣社會學報,12(2),13-36。
  5. 白玉珠、陳怡祁、陳姿伶(2003)•提昇某家護中心病人及家屬對護理指導之滿意度,榮總護理,20(2),200-210。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊祝惠(2010)。當照顧已成往事:中年未婚女性畢業照顧者之生活調適。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2010。1-116。
  2. 莊幼芬(2012)。居家失能長者照顧者照顧負荷之影響因素-以桃園縣為例。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2012。1-98。
  3. 蔡嘉慧(2015)。無子女中年女性老化準備之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-171。
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