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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 二、 期刊、學術研討會
    2. 3. 汪秀玲、陳建立、洪純隆,台灣首家醫院設置產業工會後勞資關係之初步探討,<醫務管理期刊>,2卷4期, 2001年12月。
    3. 8. 成之約,<國際核心勞動基準在我國實踐狀況之評析>,台北:行政院國家科學委員會,2003年。
    4. 12. 王郁智等,護理人員留任意願文獻探討,<慈濟護理雜誌>,第3卷第4期,2004年12月。
    5. 17. 行政院衛生署,<護理,台灣>,2008年。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊淑齡(2014)。女性護理人員悲憫疲憊、悲憫滿足與疲潰之現況探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-75。 
    2. 林芳如(2011)。台中地區護理人員執業環境、家庭支持與職業倦怠之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。 
    3. 蔡宛秦(2013)。我國護理人員勞動現況分析:以嘉義縣市為例。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2013。1-152。
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