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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江靜之(2003)。《網際網路的衝擊》。台北市:韋伯出版社。(原書Jordan, T. [2003]. Cyberpower : The Culture and Politics of Cyberspace and the Internet.)。
  2. 何長珠(1997)。《心理團體的理論與實際》。台北:五南出版社。
  3. 李田樹等譯(2003)。《管理是什麼?》。台北市:天下遠見出版股份有限公司。P27-28司徒達賢推薦文、P29-31吳思華推薦文。(原書 Magretta, J. [2003] . What Management is?)
  4. 林文祥譯 (2008)。《部落領導學》。台北市:商智出版社。(原書 Logan, D., King, J., & HaleeFischer, W. [2008]. Tribal Leadership Leveraging Natural Groups to Build a Thriving Organization.)
  5. 林豐智、吳尚和(2005)。<虛擬組織之形成與發展-信任觀點之研究>,《電子商務研究》,3(4):399-424。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭鴻勳(2012)。線上遊戲玩出領導力-以高中職/五專學生為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2012。1-60。
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