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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 史蒂芬.李維 (Steven Levy) 著,蔣宜臻譯,《為什麼是iPod?-改變世界的超完美創意 (The Perfect Thing:How the iPods Shuffles Commerce, Culture and Coolness )》,第一版,台北:平安文化,2007年8月。
  2. 9. 丹.史坦巴克(Dan Steinbock),《30億眼睛在行動 (The Mobile Revolution -- The Making of Mobile Service Worldwide)》,第一版,台北:商智文化,2006年8月31日。
  3. 13. Thomas J. Smedinghoff 主編,張台先、陳玥菁編譯,《網路法律》,台北:儒林,1998年。
  4. 1. 涂旭志,3G的技術標準及專利聯盟,政治大學智慧財產研究所,2007年。
  5. 2. 張淑貞,手機產業併購活動中之智財整併-以明基整併西門子手機事業為例,政治大學智慧財產研究所,2006年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃如妤(2010)。電子書產業商業模式之可行性分析與探討。政治大學智慧財產研究所學位論文。2010。1-165。
  2. 吳心慈(2014)。以軟硬整合思維重新探討智慧型手機商業模式。中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-126。
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