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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 208 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Baum, M. A. (2002). Soft News and Political Knowledge: Evidence of Absence or Absence of Evidence? Political Communication 20(2): 173-190.
  2. Brennan, T. J. (1992). Integrating Communication Theory into Media Policy: An Economic Perspective. Telecommunications Policy, 16(6): 460-474.
  3. Buchanan, J. M., & Stubblebine, W. C. (1962). Externality. Economica, 29, 371-84.
  4. Cheung, Steven N. S. (1973). The fable of the bees: An economic investigation. Journal of Law and Economics, 16, 11-33.
  5. Coase, R. H. (1960). The problem of social Cost. The Journal of Law and Economics, 3, 1-44.
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾亞芳(2014)。大眾媒體如何建構國族意識— 以2010年廣州亞運楊淑君失格事件報導為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-130。 
  2. 洪綾襄(2005)。科普文本中語言使用機制的探討:專家與生手的比較。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-159。 
  3. 姜兆宇(2010)。臺灣電視新聞的外部成本內部化──以國家通訊傳播委員會核處個案為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  4. 許智惠(2002)。報紙運動新聞議題設定效果研究-以2002年世界盃足球賽為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2002。1-174。
  5. 傅啟倫(2003)。抗爭運動團體的媒介議題管理與媒體呈現策略:以台鐵工會秋節集體休假事件為例。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2003。1-79。
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