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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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石桂榕 , Masters  Advisor:林顯宗  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 臺北縣政府社會局網站(
  2. 臺灣省政府(1994)。《臺灣省遊民收容輔導辦法》。南投。
  3. 潘淑滿(2005)。〈飄浪人生:遊民、家與公共政策〉。《臺灣社會工作學刊》4期,頁171-210。
  4. Anderson, I., & Christian, J. (2003) .‘Causes of homeless in the UK: A dynamic analysis ’, Journal of Community& Applied Social Psychology, 13: 105-118.
  5. Burt, M. B.(1992) .‘Over the Edge: The Growth of Homelessness in the 1980s ’, New York , NY: Russell sage Foundation Publications.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方耀德(2009)。遊民自由權利之保障 —以遊蕩及乞討行為之規制為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-211。 
  2. 黃志仁(2013)。遊民接受社會服務經驗之探究。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-89。 
  3. 黃士軒(2015)。影視作品的情緒療癒效用研究──以臺北市之男性街友為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-158。 
  4. 陳良輔(2011)。當遊民遇上社會企業─大誌雜誌對遊民的服務歷程及其影響之探討。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-160。
  5. 金祈綉(2014)。地方政府與社會企業協力關係之研究─以新北市社會重建中心為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-275。
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