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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂孟真(2007)。自我傷害動機、負向情緒、經驗迴避、情緒調節與青少年自我傷害行為之關係探索。未出版之碩士論文,國立政治大學心理研究所,  台北市。
  2. 林杏真(2002)。自我傷害青少年生活壓力、社會支持與自我強度的發展及其關係研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究   所,台北市。
  3. 洪偉智(2006)。情緒壓抑與自主型偏差態度扮演逃避型依附與學齡孩童憂鬱症狀之中介角色。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學行為醫學研究所,台  南市。
  4. 陳毓文(2006)。一般在學青少年自殘行為之相關環境因素初探。中華心理衛
  5. 論文,國立中正大學心理研究所,嘉義縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李羿璇(2011)。青少年情緒經驗、反芻風格與自我傷害行為的關聯性。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。
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