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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翟筱梅(2003)。女性公務員終身學習之研究。國立師範大學社會教育係所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. Adams, J. S.(1963). Toward an understanding of inequity, Journal of Abnormal and social psychology, Vol.67, 422-436.
  3. Beder, Hal.(1990), Reasons for nonparticipation in adult basic education, Adult education quarterly, 40(4), 207-218.
  4. Berry, D.(1971). A multi-aphasic motivational paradigm for adult education, Adult education, 22(1), 48-56.
  5. Boshier, R. (1971). Motivational orientations of adult education participants: A factor analytic exploration of Houle’s Typology. Adult education, 21(2), 3-26.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑絹(2010)。我國高級中等學校軍訓教官終身學習參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
  2. 曾姵菁(2009)。我國提升公務人員英語能力政策成效認知之研究-以教育部為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-222。
  3. 葉淑芬(2011)。圖書資訊從業人員研究所在職進修之學習動機與學習滿意度研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-129。
  4. 羅孟瑜(2011)。我國政府審計人員參訓影響因素之分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-81。
  5. 陳彥文(2012)。政務官責任衝突之研究─以法務部長王清峰辭職個案為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2012。1-166。
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