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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 弁素雯(2002)。「人力成本精簡方案和員工個人特質,對工作態度與生涯規劃認知相關研究-以新竹科學園區積體電路產業為例」。未出版碩士論文,中原大學企業管理研究所,桃園縣。
  2. 田超亞(2005)。「組織人力精簡對留任員工態度及行為關係之研究─以國軍醫院為例」。未出版碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,桃園縣。
  3. 行政院衛生署(2004)。「中華民國九十三年版公共衛生年報」。行政院衛生署。
  4. 李瑞典(2005)。從依法行政評析國軍疏退獎金作業規範。《國防雜誌》,第二十卷,第一期,頁60-72。
  5. 倪戌江(2007)。「基層員警工作滿意與工作壓力對組織承諾之研究-以九十三年警察基層特考班為例」。未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程班,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林靜怡(2011)。社工員組織承諾與留職意願之研究—以高雄市公私部門為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-147。 
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