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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林惠雅(2007)。青少年獨立自主發展之探討。應用心理研究,35,153-183。
    2. 孫世維(1998)。大學生的分離-個體化與相關家庭因素。中華心理衛生學刊,11(2),21-58。
    3. 葉在庭(2001)。青少年情緒調適、焦慮、社會支持及生活事件與自殺意念的關係。中華輔導學報,10,151-178。
    4. 黃郁喬(2005)。離家過程中親子關係的離與合:分離個體化與依戀品質對親子關係滿意度的影響。國立台灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
    5. 劉惠琴(2005)。親子關係中「多元個體化」歷程的內涵與測量。中華心理衛生學刊,18(4),55-92。
    Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張銀珍(2014)。大學生職業興趣類型與生活適應之相關研究-以某科技大學為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-122。 
    2. 曾怡雅(2010)。大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之相關研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-146。 
    3. 何瑞美(2012)。諮商師的依附風格、共依附特質與其自覺諮商初期工作同盟關係之研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-110。 
    4. 王怡澄(2008)。大學生的完美主義、自我效能與生活適應之研究。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-124。
    5. 陳慧珊(2008)。大學生親職化現象、個體化程度與身心健康指標之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2008。1-140。
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