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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Dahl, Robert A. (1971), Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition, New Haven: Yale University Press.
  2. Della Porta, Donatella and Mario Diani (2002),《社會運動概論》,苗廷威 譯,台北:巨流。
  3. Diamond, Larry (l996)“Is The Third Wave Over?” Journal of Democracy, Vol.7(No.3): pp. 20-37.
  4. Hilgartner, S. & Bosk, C. L. (1998) “The rise and fall of social problems: A public arenas model.” American Journal of Sociology, 94(1):pp. 53-78.
  5. Hsiao, H. H. Michael (1997)“Social Movements and Civil Society in Taiwan” Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李冠璋(2012)。論刑法公務員廢弛職務釀成災害罪:以保護法益為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2012。1-158。 
  2. 楊文全(2011)。開放城市:開放原始碼年代的創新城市-孕育Linux-Based EeePC的台北。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2011。1-181。 
  3. 林常富(2009)。電視新聞框架研究-以電視新聞報導集會遊行事件為例。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2009。1-123。
  4. 張以忠(2013)。台灣非暴力抗爭的歷史考察。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2013。1-137。
  5. 李嘉軒(2015)。社會運動中國際宣傳的資源動員與策略:以「太陽花學運」為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-135。
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