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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中國國民黨,1951,《中國國民黨第七次全國代表大會黨務報告上冊》,台北:中國國民黨中央改造委員會編印。
    2. 中國國民黨,1984,《中國國民黨黨政關係法規》,台北:中國國民黨中央政策委員會編印。
    3. 中國國民黨,1994,《飛耀一百年、再創新世紀-中國國民黨的成長與理想》,台北:中國國民黨中央政策委員會編印。
    4. 中國國民黨,2005,《中國國民黨第十七次全國代表大會黨務報告》,台北:中國國民黨中央委員會編印。
    5. 吳重禮,2000,〈美國「分立性政府」研究文獻之評析:兼論台灣地區政治發展〉,《問題與研究》,13(3):75-101
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王北辰(2011)。影響我國委員會決議送交黨團協商因素之研究。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2011。1-138。
    2. 侯世傑(2013)。一致政府與分立政府下之國會黨團運作-以政黨輪替2000-2012年經驗為範圍。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-239。
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