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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 172 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(1985)。勞基法施行細則。台北市:作者。
  2. 王世英(2006)。外籍配偶子女教育問題之探討。中等教育,57(6),178-213。
  3. 行政院 (2005)。 行政院功能業務與組織調整暫行條例草案。
  4. 吳美連、林俊毅 (2002)。 人力資源管理理論與實務。 台北市: 智勝。
  5. 李誠主編 (2006)。 人力資源管理的12堂課。 台北市:天下遠流。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐雅婷(2014)。私立技專校院面臨少子化衝擊學校經營之因應策略。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-88。 
  2. 劉又菁(2010)。台中市國民小學教師超額的成因與因應。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
  3. 周哲賢(2008)。台北市國小教師對減班超額壓力及因應之研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-133。
  4. 林政逸(2010)。我國公立大學策略性人力資源管理模式之建構。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-308。
  5. 高靖雯(2011)。公立高級中等以下學校超額教師介聘制度之研究。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2011。1-177。
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