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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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王國珍 , Masters  Advisor:成之約  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 楊國德,高齡社會的教育願景與策略,高齡者終身學習體系的建構,2006東亞地區高齡社會教育對策研討會論文集,頁29。
    2. 10.周玟琪,高齡社會時代下我國高齡者就業對策,行政院勞委員會職業訓練局,就業好伙伴電子報月刊2006
    3. 21. 顏兆農,中高齡退休專業人力再運用之研究-以企業需求為導向,政治大學勞工研究所95年碩士論文,頁92-104,該篇問卷調查部分是將「行政院科技顧問委員組」委託成之約教授等人就「中高齡專業人才再運用議題研究:企業與政策法制面探討」這項議題所設計的問卷以及研究發現做再運用。
    4. 1. Doreena Engleman & Brian H. Kleiner, “Age discrimination in the workplace” Equal Opportunities Journal 1998 Vol. 17, P3-7
    5. 2. Davey, J.A, Active ageing and education in mid and lter life. Ageing and Society, 22,95-113.2002
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 余金珍(2013)。退休中高階經理人再就業經驗之探討。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
    2. 黃緻茵(2014)。中高齡男性退休後再就業及學習歷程之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-179。
    3. 張雅惠(2014)。人口老化對企業之影響與因應對策-以傳統產業為例。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-41。
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