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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bulck, J. V. d. (2004). Television viewing, computer game playing, and internet use and self-reported time to bed and time out of bed in secondary-school children. Sleep, 27(1), 2004.
  2. Carrier, J., & Monk, T. H. (2000). Circadian rhythms of performance: new trends. Chronobiol Int, 17(6), 719-732.
  3. Carskadon, M. A., Acebo, C., Richardson, G. S., Tate, B. A., & Seifer, R. (1997). An approach to studying circadian rhythms of adolescent humans. Journal Biological Rhythm, 12, 278-289.
  4. Chung, K.-F., & Cheung, M.-M. (2008). Sleep-Wake Patterns and Sleep Disturbance among Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents. Sleep, 31(2), 185-194.
  5. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李敏瑄(2010)。台北縣某國中學生睡眠品質與學業成就之探討。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-91。
  2. 宋鈺宸(2011)。大學生電腦使用對睡眠型態影響因素之探討。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-92。
  3. 許雅惠(2012)。大學生睡眠品質及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-93。
  4. 張宇翔(2012)。城鄉國中生睡眠品質與睡眠規律性相關因素研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-124。
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