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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠閔、黃柏農(2004),「台灣股、匯市與美國股市關聯性探討」,《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,34期,頁31 -72。
  2. 陳志成(2007),《台灣企業投資中國之策略佈局-以TFT-LCD面板產業為例》,中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班碩士論文。
  3. 高慧玲(2003),《在市場異常波動下,不同投資人之反應及其對股價行為的影響》,成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 張文?、周玲臺、林修葳(2003),「內部人持股連續變動公司之盈餘管理行為特性」,《會計評論》,37期,頁53-83。
  5. 鄭菽萱(2003),《政府機構持股比例與型態對公司價值影響之實證研究》,中原大學會計學系碩士論文。
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