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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王?芬(民92)。大學生非?性信?、生涯信?及生涯決定之相關研究。
  2. 田秀?(民87)。男?大學生生涯阻礙因素之分析研究。教育心?學報,
  3. 田秀?(民88)。?性對生涯阻礙知覺之質的分析。教育心?學報, 31卷
  4. ?樹人、?清山、田秀?(民78):我國大學生生涯發展定像之研究。教
  5. 袁志晃(民91)。生涯未定向大學生生涯發展阻?因素之探討。彰化師大
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李沂蓁(2015)。生涯猶豫大學生心理位移日記書寫之經驗研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-151。 
  2. 吳明潔(2010)。師範大學學生生涯決定歷程研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2010。1-159。
  3. 吳麗琴(2012)。焦慮性未定向之生涯個案在精神分析取向治療之歷程探究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-432。
  4. 葉施惠(2016)。印尼籍女性家事移工生命歷程及被害經驗。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2016。1-155。
  5. 邱玉玫(2017)。國中生生涯自我概念與生涯決定困難之關聯-以社會支持為調節變項。清華大學教育心理與諮商碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-96。
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