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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王精文、洪瑞雲(民88)。創造性問題解決訓練對研究績效的影響。台大管理叢論,9,137-159。
  2. 李金治(民92)。國立臺灣師範大學四年級學生生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其身心健康之相關?究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學衛生教育?究所,台北市。
  3. 林奕宏、張景媛(民90)。多元智力與問題解決整合型教學模式對國小學生數學學習表現之影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,33,1-30。
  4. 許淑瑛(民94)。大學生自殺意念歷程模式之驗證:以生死態度與無望感為中介。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學心理學研究所,台北市。
  5. Adams, M. & Adams, J. (1991). Life events, depression, and perceived problem-solving alternatives in adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 811-820.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江穎盈(2008)。大學生的生活壓力、社會支持與生命意義之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-117。
  2. 馬承逸(2010)。大學生自我分化、壓力感受與身心健康之關係。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-117。
  3. 王文宜(2011)。「問題導向學習」教學模式介入護專生健康體適能課程之成效。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-173。
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