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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明傳、雷庚玲(2008)。華人青少年前期兒童之間接攻擊行為的反應評鑑與情緒經驗。中華心理學刊,50(1),71-90。
  2. 吳淑芳(2006)。國外量表之兩階段翻譯及信、效度測試。護理雜誌,53(1),65-71。
  3. 莊季靜(2006)。國中學生同儕攻擊者之社會訊息處理歷程研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 張春興(1998)。現代心理學。台北。東華。
  5. 葉北辰(2006)。國小學童對同儕間負向言語之反應。國立臺灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄢若然(2011)。高中生酬賞敏感性格理論與攻擊行為的相關性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  2. 陳如瑩(2009)。「早發型」與「晚發型」非行少年的心智理論能力與社會適應之相關探討。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-112。 
  3. 洪常耘(2012)。青少年參與志願服務相關因素與正向發展經驗探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  4. 蔡思賢(2010)。國中生幽默風格、嘲笑風格與攻擊行為之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-121。
  5. 賴思伃(2010)。無聲勝有聲?!──「不理」在青春期友誼中的意涵與歷程。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-108。
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