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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. UNESCO (2005). Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, Paris. retrieved July 16,2008, from
    2. 全國意向顧問股份有限公司(2004)。《全國客家人口基礎資料調查研究》。台北:客委會。
    3. Anderson, B.(1991).吳叡人譯(1999)。《想像的共同體:民族主義的起源與散佈》,台北:時報出版。 (原書Anderson, B.[1991] Imagined Communities:Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism) 。
    4. 台社編委會(2004)。〈邁向公共化、超克後威權─民主左派論述的初構〉,《台灣社會學研究季刊》,53:1-18。
    5. 王菲菲(2005)。〈多元文化與公共廣電機構:澳大利亞的實踐經驗〉,《中華傳播學刊》,7:103-134。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李儒林(2008)。多元文化概念下族群頻道定位初探-以客家電視暗夜新聞多元文化訊息呈現為例。政治大學新聞學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-118。
    2. 曾棠君(2009)。民進黨客家政策的政治果效。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2009。1-124。
    3. 廖慧娟(2010)。「莫忘祖宗言!」:「後客運世代」面臨的「客家性」要求。政治大學社會學研究所學位論文。2010。1-136。
    4. 温佳琦(2015)。析探族群頻道媒體近用權之落實-以客家電視台為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-160。
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