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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anglin, M. D., Brecht, M. L., & Maddahian, E. (1989). Pretreatment characteristics and treatment performance of legally coerced versus voluntary methadone maintenance admissions. Criminology, 27(3), 537-555.
  2. Anglin, M. D., Prendergast, M., & Farabee, D. (1998). The effectiveness of coerced treatment for drug-abusing offenders
  3. Battjes, R. J., Onken, L. S., Delany, P. (1999). Drug abuse treatment entry and engagement: report of a meeting o treatment readiness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(5), 643-657.
  4. Ball, A. S., Carroll, K. M., Canning-Ball, M., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2006). Reasons for dropout from drug abuse treatment: Symptoms, personality, and motivation. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 320-330.
  5. Bell, D. C., Richard, A. & Feltz, L. (1996). Mediators of drug treatment outcomes. Addictive behaviors, 21(5), 597-613.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭文正(2012)。藥癮者社會支持、壓力知覺與戒癮改變階段之模式建構。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-315。
  2. 黃庭筠(2014)。成年一、二級毒品成癮者烙印感、社會支持與復發意向之相關性研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2014。1-128。
  3. 顧以謙(2016)。毒品使用及犯罪行為關聯性之研究-以P.E.S.模式分析為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2016。1-251。
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