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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2005 〈?地方?法機關預算審議決議之效?-以主決議與附加決議為?〉,台北:《中國地方自治雜誌》,第 58 卷第 6 期,頁 3-22。
  2. 1973?2006 《中華民國台灣省台北縣議事錄》。
  3. Cox, G. & McCubbins, M
  4. 1993 “Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House”, Berkeley: University of California Press.
  5. Jacobson, Gary C.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林忠諺(2012)。預算情境、內外控傾向與預算彈性關係之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-92。 
  2. 吳國正(2012)。政府類型與立法、施政表現-以雲林縣一致政府與分立政府時期為例。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2012。1-251。
  3. 林晏瑜(2014)。「以凍代刪」預算審議之研究-以2004年至2012年時期為中心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-177。
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