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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bygren, M. & Duvander, A.-Z.(2006)Parent’s workplace situation and father’s parental leave use,Journal of Marriage and Family,68:2,363-372。
  2. Dermott, E.M.(2001)New fatherhood in practice?-parental leave in the UK,The International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy,21:4-6,145-164。
  3. Han, W.-J.& Waldfogel, J.(2003)Parental leave:The impact of recent legislation on parent’s taking,Demography,40:1,191-200。
  4. Sundstrom, M. & Duvander, A.-Z.(2002)Gender division of childcare and the sharing of parental leave among new parents in Sweden,European Sociological Review,18,4,433-447。
  5. 王舒芸、余漢儀(1997)奶爸難為—雙薪家庭之父職角色初探。婦女與兩性學刊,8,115-149。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方婷玉(2010)。我國育嬰留職停薪津貼政策之探討:以台北縣市女性申請者為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-137。 
  2. 梁芷榕(2016)。美國親職假相關法制之研究─兼論我國相關法制未來應有之發展。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-124。
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